Government programs impose eligibility requirements to balance the goals of improving welfare
while minimizing waste. We study the impact of eligibility monitoring in the context of
Federal Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) submissions, where students may be
subject to “verification” requirements that require them to confirm the accuracy of the data.
Using a matching on observables design we do not find that students flagged for verification
are less likely to enroll in college, which contrasts prior research. Verification reduces grant
aid received but average changes are small, raising questions about the benefits of this administrative