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The Effect of Immigration Enforcement on School Engagement: Evidence from 287(g) Programs in North Carolina

During the past fifteen years, immigration enforcement increased dramatically in the U.S. interior. There is a growing recognition that immigration enforcement in the U.S. interior has spillover effects onto U.S. citizens. I examine the impacts of a type of partnership between Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and local law enforcement, 287(g) programs, on school engagement within North Carolina. In North Carolina, nine counties were approved to establish 287(g) programs, and another fifteen applied but were not approved to participate. I use a triple difference strategy in which I compare educational outcomes for different groups of students in these two sets of counties before and after activation of 287(g) programs. I find that 287(g) programs decrease school engagement by decreasing attendance. This effect appears to be driven by increases in chronic absenteeism (missing 15 or more days per year). In contrast, I observe no effect of 287(g) programs on achievement.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI)
10.26300/3b23-4e84

EdWorkingPaper suggested citation:

Bellows, Laura . (). The Effect of Immigration Enforcement on School Engagement: Evidence from 287(g) Programs in North Carolina. (EdWorkingPaper: 21-366). Retrieved from Annenberg Institute at Brown University: https://doi.org/10.26300/3b23-4e84

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